CVE Initiatives in Indonesia
National Counterterrorism Agency (BNPT)
The National Counter-terrorism Agency (BNPT) and the National Intelligence Agency (BIN) are cooperating with the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) to curb the spread of religious radicalism through speeches delivered at mosques as part of the government’s long-term de-radicalization program. However, BNPT, is widely seen as an ineffective agency for counter-terrorism. Since the Indonesian government’s counter terrorism strategy only constitutes of intelligence and operations by the police and prevention by military. It primarily lacks in strategies of de-radicalization. BNP needs to restructure and overcome the divide. But it still helps community workers develop strategies.
Nahdlatul Ulama & Muhammadiyah
These are Muslim civil society organizations with tens of millions of members preventing themselves and others from being radicalized. They “cognitively immunize” the society against violent extremism because these progressive preachers enjoy large numbers of following.
Indonesia Mosque Council (IMC)
There are 800,000 to 1 million mosques in Indonesia and the number will keep growing, the Indonesia Mosque Council believes that some mosques are established without the required permits from authorities. The government has also tried to curtail extremism and promote social cohesion in the society by calling on the Muslim religious leaders to be on the forefront. Vice President of Indonesia Mosque Council, Jusuf Kalla, reminded the management of mosques across the country to stay alert and watch out for campaigns by radical preachers wanting to spread extreme messages to mosque congregations. The mosque administrators are also encouraged to revitalize the function of the mosque to make it not only a place for worship but also a place that strengthens an attitude of coexistence with other religious groups in the society.