Community policing, or police-public partnerships, can be defined as a philosophy and organizational strategy that promotes a partnership-based, collaborative effort between the police and the community to more effectively and efficiently identify, prevent and solve problems of crime, the fear of crime, issues of physical safety and security, social disorder, and neighbourhood decay in order to improve everyone’s quality of life.

Community Policing As Part of A Comprehensive, Human Rights-Compliant Strategy to Prevent Terrorism

Some police services have sought to apply community policing in their efforts to prevent terrorism. Community policing, with its focus on establishing police-public partnerships between the police.

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Potential Benefits of Community Policing in Preventing Terrorism

Many of the benefits of community policing to combat terrorism will arise as a by-product when community policing is implemented in its own right, in keeping with the principles of democratic policing.

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Risks in Applying Community-Policing Approaches in Preventing Terrorism

There are some inherent risks that the police should be aware of and try to minimize when applying community-policing approaches. These risks include

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The Need for Careful Planning and Preparation

The use of community-policing tools to prevent terrorism and counter VERLT should be carefully planned and prepared, so as not to undermine the very principles of community policing and the public trust and support it seeks to generate.

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Examples of Measures Applied With A Community-Targeted or Community-Oriented Approach
Example of measures Community-targeted approach Community-oriented approach
Police increase patrols, stop-and-search; resort to closed-circuit television monitoring. These measures are decided by public authorities without any consultation with the community. These measures are decided after wide-ranging consultations with the community and an agreed approach between the public authorities and community.
Police aim to build relationships with community members and a network of community contacts. The objective is to cultivate informants, profile the community and gain intelligence. The objective is to involve the community in identifying and understanding problems, as well as formulating, implementing and evaluating responses.
Foreign Operations Assistance: Tajikistan

The United States provides community policing training and curriculum development to Tajikistan’s police education institutions to enable officers to combat and prevent crime while respecting human rights.

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